Serendipity is the word you would use to describe those early beginnings at PeacePlayers Middle East. There certainly hadn’t been any plans to branch out to one of the most intractable conflicts of the past century. But the opportunity just presented itself — and if there was one thing that PeacePlayers co-founders Sean and Brendan Tuohey didn’t do in those years, it’s pass on an intriguing opportunity, no matter how daunting.
It all started in 2005 with Matt Minoff, a recent graduate and player at Yale who had just accepted a fellowship position at PeacePlayers South Africa. Matt was practically packed and ready to head down to Durban when he received an interesting proposition – to play basketball professionally in Israel. Matt jumped at the opportunity, and after he arrived, he thought that maybe what was already working in South Africa and Northern Ireland also could work among Israelis and Palestinians. Could basketball be a powerful enough tool to achieve what decades of peace talks had not?
When Matt arrived in Israel, Israelis and Palestinians were just coming out of the Second Intifada, a half decade when thousands of Palestinians and Israelis had been killed in terrorist attacks and military incursions. Many of the very youth recruited to PeacePlayers had been present at a terrorist attack, or had lost someone to the violence – so fear and animosity were at an all time high. Bringing Israelis and Palestinian together seemed like an impossible task.
But soon after Matt arrived, Sean joined him and the two began to do just that, hosting basketball summer camps for Palestinians and Israeli kids. Brendan Tuohey, PeacePlayers Co-Founder and President, recalls the first camp at Wingate, Israel’s premier sports education institution, where 100 Palestinian and Israeli children came together to play basketball:
To make the seemingly impossible possible, Matt looked for local partnerships, people who could help him carry out this vision of bringing Palestinians and Israelis together through basketball. “He just went out there like an entrepreneur does and knocked on doors and was like, who’s in charge of sports in this community or who plays basketball?” says Karen Doubilet, PeacePlayers’ Middle East’s first Managing Director and current Executive Director.
Matt’s search for partners also brought him the the Peres Center for Peace, a non-profit started by the late Israeli statesman Shimon Peres. The Peres Center had been using soccer to bridge divides between Israelis and Palestinians and the nascent PeacePlayers Middle East teamed up with the veteran organization for a number of shared activities in an effort to get its own programming off the ground. Although that partnership was short-lived, through the Peres Center, Matt met Karen, who had been doing research on the impact of intergroup encounters.
Karen made an impression because after Matt finished his playing contract and headed back to the U.S., he named Karen, a 28-year old with no managerial experience nor athletic background, to take over the program
When Karen became Managing Director of PeacePlayers Middle East, it had been led by men, and served only boys. But this didn’t deter Karen, even though looking back, she thinks that maybe it should have. “I think everyone else noticed way more than I did that I was the only woman and I didn’t have a sports background. Looking back, it’s funny because it should have been an issue. When I came on, the way some of the men would talk to me or the way they responded to me, I understood that it was an issue for them. I just always looked at it as their defect, not mine.”
When Karen first joined, the program was still exclusively male. As a program launched by American men who did their best to understand the local landscape but perhaps didn’t grasp all of the nuances, there was uncertainty around how receptive Palestinain and Israeli girls – and more importantly their families – would react to the prospect of basketball.
Nonetheless, at that point, circa 2007, PeacePlayers had already put engaging girls in the Middle East on their to-do list. At PeacePlayers’ head office, in Washington, DC, they were already searching for women fellows to ease the recruitment of girls and women coaches. In the meantime, the team on the ground in the Middle East decided to do an experiment. “We decided that we were going to go try and do another recruiting day in East Jerusalem and sort of see what happened.” Brian Sigafoos the 7-ft tall PeacePlayers Middle East fellow went to Esawiah, a gritty, traditional Palestinian neighborhood at the foothills of the Hebrew University at Mount Scopus where there were frequent clashes with Israeli law enforcement. The PeacePlayers team were skeptical that any girls would show up, but with that entrepreneurial spirit, they said “Hey, let’s try it.”
So, Brian went to the outdoor court in Esawiah with two balls in hand, and was shocked to find 80 girls eagerly waiting to play.
That demand, however, didn’t always translate into community support. For girls there there was double resistance, first the issue of girls playing sports, and second the issue of playing with Israelis. At first, it was a
challenge to retain female participation in the long term, — especially as, over time, girls started to grow into women. However, the Middle East team developed relationships and built trust with families, and it got easier. “[The parents know PeacePlayers. They see the benefit that it has on their child.” Not long after that, PeacePlayers Middle East was more than fifty percent girls.
Karen soon recognized the need to elevate local staff, people who understood the language and culture. Without those tools it was difficult for American PeacePlayers staff to assess if a partner’s intentions were pure, if they could be trusted. “So, some people are in it for the wrong reasons,” says Karen Doubilet, PeacePlayers’ Middle East’s first Managing Director and current Executive Director. “Not necessarily that they wanted to harm it, but it was a job opportunity.” As a Canadian-Israeli who spoke Hebrew and had been living in Israel since 1997, Karen had a fair lay of the land, but it took people on the ground, in Palestinian and Israeli sports communitites to really complete the equation.
One major part of that equation was a Palestinian coach from East Jerusalm whom Sean had met on the court at Jerusalem’s Bell Park, a popular spot for pickup basketball and a rare space where Palestinains and Israelis in the city occupied the same ground. That meeting would prove to be a key factor in the success and continuity of PeacePlayers Middle East. “Fairly quickly, I saw that he was someone special. He was a person who stood out as someone who really cares about the kids and about the program, and he was kind of the first local [staff] that I developed a relationship with,” says Karen. The more time that went by, the more this coach ended up becoming a partner to Karen in helping to build the program. And through this partnership, this friendship, Karen came to see the dynamic between the staff from a local perspective.
After a number of years bringing Palestinian and Israeli kids together for twinnings, the team in the Middle East started to feel like something was missing. “If you’re just going for fun and throwing the ball and and every time we come and do the same thing and we don’t grow and develop necessarily as athletes, so kids get bored, move on to something else or look for something more competitive,” says Karen. The Middle East team began to understand that competition was key to their longevity. “That created a framework in which you’re always improving, you’re always moving up in the league, and growing together as a team.” More than just creating an added draw for youth, the All-Stars also served as an accelerator for building friendships between Palestinian and Israeli players. With weekly games, and
practices almost every day, players were coming together and reveling in their shared team identity on a daily basis.
It exposed underresourced Palestinian girls from East Jerusalem to new opportunities for athletic advancement and competitive play. If that weren’t enough, it was also a way to reach the wider public. “People don’t necessarily value the work that we do, so by being a winning team, being a really good team, that’s how you earn the respect and get the attention of the wider community.” And win they did – to date, the PeacePlayers All-Stars have consistently occupied top slots in their divisions, and even won a championship in 2006.
But it was more groundbreaking than just a way to keep kids engaged – the Jerusalem All-Stars were the first Israeli-Palestinian team from Jerusalem to ever play in the Israel Basketball Association’s official league. It exposed underresourced Palestinian girls from East Jerusalem to new opportunities for athletic advancement and competitive play. If that weren’t enough, it was also a way to reach the wider public. “People don’t necessarily value the work that we do, so by being a winning team, being a really good team, that’s how you earn the respect and get the attention of the wider community.” And win they did – to date, the PeacePlayers All-Stars have consistently occupied top slots in their divisions, and since 2006 have won at least one division championship a year.
Although the Jerusalem All-Stars were definitely one of PeacePlayers’ greatest accomplishments, Karen’s proudest moment is a little smaller and more intimate – the first time a group of Palestinian and Israeli girls from PeacePlayers organized their own sleepover party. Although their communities might border on one another, Palestinians and Israelis live totally separate lives, and home visits across enemy lines is not something that happens.
Interested in learning more about the impact PeacePlayers Middle East is having today? PeacePlayers Middle East is celebrating 15 Years! Be sure to follow PeacePlayers Middle East on social media @pp_middle_east.